LTL & FTL SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS:

TYPES OF FREIGHT CLASS[*]

Before you determine your freight class for your shipment, you must identify certain factors about your specific freight. Freight class is based on weight, length and height, density, ease of handling, value and liability from things like theft, damage, break-ability and spoilage.. The definitions for each are as follows:

  1. (Weight, Length, Height) Density and Value: Density guidelines assign classification 50 to freight that weighs 50 pounds per cubic foot. The Commodity Classification Standards Board (CCSB) assigns classifications 70, 92.5, 175 and 400 to freight with densities of 15, 10.5, 5, and 1 pound per cubic foot, respectively. Freight less dense than 1 pound per cubic foot is classified as 500. The density is the space the item occupies in relation to its weight. The density is calculated by dividing the weight of the item in pounds by its volume in cubic feet. Your item’s volume in cubic feet is Length x Width x Height/1,728, where all dimensions are measured in inches. The density of your item = Weight/Volume, where Weight is measured in pounds and Volume is measured in cubic feet.
  2. Stow-ability: Most freight stows well in trucks, trains and boats, but some articles are regulated by the government or carrier policies. Some items cannot be loaded together. Hazardous materials are transported in specific manners. Excessive weight, length or protrusions can make freight impossible to load with other freight. The absence of load-bearing surfaces makes freight impossible to stack. A quantifiable stow-ability classification represents the difficulty in loading and carrying these items.
  3. Handling: Most freight is loaded with mechanical equipment and poses no handling difficulties, but some freight, due to weight, shape, fragility or hazardous properties, requires special attention. A classification that represents ease or difficulty of loading and carrying the freight is assigned to the items.
  4. Liability: Liability is probability of freight theft or damage, or damage to adjacent freight. Perishable cargo or cargo prone to spontaneous combustion or explosion is classified based on liability and assigned a value per pound, which is a fraction of the carrier’s liability. When classification is based on liability, density must also be considered.
Class Name Cost Notes, Examples Weight Range Per Cubic Foot
Class 50 – Clean Freight Lowest Cost Fits on standard shrink-wrapped 4X4 pallet, very durable over 50 lbs
Class 55 Bricks, cement, mortar, hardwood flooring 35-50 pounds
Class 60 Car accessories & car parts 30-35 pounds
Class 65 Car accessories & car parts, bottled beverages, books in boxes 22.5-30 pounds
Class 70 Car accessories & car parts, food items, automobile engines 15 to 22.5 pounds
Class 77.5 Tires, bathroom fixtures 13.5 to 15 pounds
Class 85 Crated machinery, cast iron stoves 12-13.5 pounds
Class 92.5 Computers, monitors, refrigerators 10.5-12 pounds
Class 100 boat covers, car covers, canvas, wine cases, caskets 9-10.5 pounds
Class 110 cabinets, framed artwork, table saw 8-9 pounds
Class 125 Small Household appliances 7-8 pounds
Class 150 Auto sheet metal parts, bookcases, 6-7 pounds
Class 175 Clothing, couches stuffed furniture 5-6 pounds
Class 200 Auto sheet metal parts, aircraft parts, aluminum table, packaged mattresses, 4-5 pounds
Class 250 Bamboo furniture, mattress and box spring, plasma TV 3-4 pounds
Class 300 wood cabinets, tables, chairs setup, model boats 2-3 pounds
Class 400 Deer antlers 1-2 pounds
Class 500 – Low Density or High Value Highest Cost Bags of gold dust, ping pong balls Less than 1 lbs.

ESTIMATING FREIGHT CLASS[*]

Absent any unusual or significant handling, stowability or liability characteristics, density is of prime importance in the assignment of classes. The CCSB has developed density guidelines that are based on the precedent of pertinent administrative as well as classification decisions. The present guidelines are attached hereto.

FedEx Freight also provides a freight class estimation tool for your convenience.

The density guidelines are used in the assignment of classes where the average density of a particular commodity or group of commodities is representative or reflective of the range of densities exhibited by that commodity or commodity group. Furthermore, the density/class relationships set forth in the guidelines presume that there are no unusual or significant handling, stowability or liability characteristics, which would call for giving those characteristics additional or different “weight” in determining the appropriate class.

Commodities or commodity groups exhibiting a wide density range not accurately reflected by a single overall average density may be assigned density-based classes; especially where there are no unusual or significant handling, stowability or liability characteristics and where there is no other feasible means of effectively narrowing the range. And where densities are distributed throughout the range, commodities or commodity groups may be assigned classes predicated on a full density scale. In this regard, full-scale density classifications should generally provide the following standard progression:

Class Examples Weight Per Cubic Foot
Class 60 Fits on standard shrink-wrapped 4X4 pallet, very durable Over 30 lbs
Class 65 Car accessories & car parts, bottled beverages, books in boxes 22.5 – 30 lbs
Class 70 Car accessories & car parts, food items, automobile engines 15 – 22.5 lbs
Class 85 Crated machinery, cast iron stoves 12 – 15 lbs
Class 92.5 Computers, monitors, refridgerators 10 – 12 lbs
Class 100 Boat covers, car covers, canvase, wine cases, caskets 8 – 10 lbs
Class 125 Small Household appliances 6 – 7 lbs
Class 175 Clothing, couches stuffed furniture 4 – 6 lbs
Class 250 Auto sheetmetal parts, aircraft parts, aluminum table, packaged
matresses, bamboo furniture, mattress and boxspring, plasma tv
2 – 4 lbs
Class 300 Deer antlers, Cans of food, Cutlery 1 – 2 lbs
Class 400 Bags of gold dust, ping pong balls < 1 lbs

[*] http://cerasis.com/2013/11/20/freight-class/

FEDEX SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS

Service Max Length Combined Length and Girth (L+2W+2H) Max Weight
FedEx Ground 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
FedEx 2-Day 119″ (302 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
FedEx 2-Day AM 119″ (302 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
FedEx Express Saver 119″ (302 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Standard Overnight 119″ (302 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
First Overnight 119″ (302 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Priority Overnight 119″ (302 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
International Economy 108″ (274 cm) 130″ (330 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
International First* 108″ (274 cm) 130″ (330 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
International Priority 108″ (274 cm) 130″ (330 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)

*International First has location restrictions outside of the US and inside the US.

UPS SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS:

Service Max Length Combined Length and Girth (L+2W+2H) Max Weight
Ground 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
UPS Standard 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
UPS Saver 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Express 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Express Pluss 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Expedited 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Next Day Air 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Next Day Air Saver 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
Next Day Air Early AM 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
2nd Day Air 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
2nd Day Air AM 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)
3 Day Select 108″ (274 cm) 165″ (419 cm) 150 lbs (68 kg)

USPS SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS:

Service Max Length Combined Length and Girth (L+2W+2H) Max Weight
First 108″ (274 cm) 13 oz (368 g)
Priority 108″ (274 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Express 108″ (274 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Parcel Select 130″ (330 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Library Mail 108″ (274 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Media Mail 108″ (274 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Standard Post 130″ (330 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Critical Mail 108″ (274 cm) 13 oz (368 g)
First Class Package International Service 108″ (274 cm) 64 oz (1814 g)
Priority Mail International 108″ (274 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)
Express Mail International 108″ (274 cm) 70 lbs (31 kg)